When the incumbent President Mwai Kibaki was sworn in after the Kenyan election held on December 27, 2007, widespread protests ravaged Kenya. Supporters of Kibaki’s opponent Raila Odinga and international observers defined the election as deeply flawed. Politically motivated and targeted ethnic violence escalated and continued for several months, particularly in the Rift Valley. Former UN secretary general Kofi Annan finally brought the two sides to the negotiating table and on February 28, 2008, Kibaki and Odinga signed a power-sharing agreement.
The Kenyan people paid a high prize for the political manipulation and maneuvering; at least 1300 people lost their lives and 300 000 were driven from their homes.